The Jezebel Spirit: facts, faults and fiction


In the video (above) I covered off on the Biblical characteristics of Jezebel. If you haven’t watched that, then get on it (just doing my bit to cut down your reading time. You’re welcome). Now we need to talk about the modern use of the term. Across Christendom, there is a wide spectrum of approaches to the Jezebel issue. Some choose to ignore it, and keep their focus on the good guy (i.e. Jesus).  For others, Jezebel is a major focus and foe. There is a combination of good and bad doctrine about this, and some of it is downright harmful.

They say the most dangerous type of a lie is the one with a bit of truth mixed in. Yes, Jezebel was a strong woman. Yes, she was a bad woman. But that does not mean that strong women in churches are bad women. Oh Heck no! Its time to put this back in context and stop using the term “Jezebel” as an excuse for misogyny.

Interestingly, when you read about the Jezebel spirit, you’ll read over and over again  from different preachers and scholars that “spirits don’t have genders,” but in my experience I’ve noticed that it’s quite rare for men to be branded this, while women have this label cast on them much more easily.

It can be used to describe a person who needs to be in control, or a person who is manipulative. But concerningly, the term “Jezebel” can also be used to describe women who have strong opinions, obvious talent, or leadership capabilities. It has even been used to describe women who volunteer excessively. But that, my friends, is unbiblical and no individual characteristic should lead a person to be labelled as a carrying a Jezebel spirit, when the Biblical picture of Jezebel was a lot more complex.

I’ve taken the liberty of going on a quick tour of the internet to find the top things listed as “characteristics of Jezebel.” You’re about to see where truth, myth and superstition interact and leave us with a bit of a problem.

Up first, are the things we can see in scripture. The Jezebel Spirit is said to be:

  1. Controlling, manipulative, domineering and pushy.
  2. Vengeful and prone to oneupmanship
  3. Refusing to admit guilt or wrongdoing
  4. Clairvoyant (or a false prophet)
  5. Religious
  6. Prone to use false accusations
  7. Tending to isolation as a control tool, both publicly and privately
  8. Mocking
  9. Blameshifting
  10. Cursing those that oppose them or engaging in witchcraft

We do see these things in the Bible. These, to me, would be a valid explanation of the Jezebel spirit.

Next up comes the ones that are a bit of a stretch, but may be connected to the pop-psychology understanding of control dynamics. They aren’t seen clearly in scripture, but may have been present in the character of Jezebel – Possibly. Maybe. If we use our imaginations. In this imagining of the Jezebel spirit, it  is said to:

  1. Take credit for everything good and never show gratitude.
  2. Use people to accomplish its agenda.
  3. Ignore people in order to establish fear and control
  4. Be heavily critical of people
  5. Sequester or withhold information and use it for manipulation and power
  6. Command attention and dislike like it when others are the centre of attention
  7. Sow seeds of discord
  8. Be insubordinate, independent and disliking of authority
  9. Frequently attempt to make it look like other people are the problem (accusing others of being the Jezebel)
  10. Insinuate disapproval to those under their control, thus inciting fear
  11. Be a know it all
  12. Be ambitious
  13. Target the leadership, head or prophet. (The latter is clear in scripture, so the former is imaginable)
  14. Play the victim.
  15. Use false humility and have a sense of entitlement.
  16. Whine until they get their way

I do have to say that there’s nothing wrong with being ambitious, if it doesn’t involve victimising others. I also have to point out that it wasn’t Jezebel who was prone to whining. It was Ahab. The rest sounds a little like the description of Narcissistic Personality Disorder, in my opinion. It’s a valid thing, it’s just not the Jezebel Spirit.

Next up are things you can file under bizarre, with no real Biblical basis. The Jezebel spirit has been said to;

  1. Talk in circles or in a confused manner
  2. Volunteer for anything (supposedly a control measure)
  3. Lie
  4. Talk incessantly
  5. Spiritualize everything, often to avoid taking responsibility for their actions
  6. Give gifts to gain control
  7. Be insecure
  8. Seek to infiltrate undermine
  9. Hate prayer and spiritual warfare

I can see how, to those who major on spiritual warfare, some of these things would make sense (I’ll talk about spiritual warfare another day). But my caution here is that you can’t just lump undesirable characteristics together and call it a demon. Nor can you decide that being ambitious or talkative is a fault, that volunteering a lot is bad (???) or that being unclear in communication is a demonic issue.

Misunderstanding the Jezebel spirit (if indeed it can be called a spirit, when it is a complex cluster of characteristics that may be occurring for a number of reasons) and using it as a label can cause extraordinary harm. Imagine a good hearted person offering to volunteer at a church and not getting any good reason why they are being kept from giving their time and talents to a good cause? Imagine what this would do to their self esteem? Now imagine being told someone is carrying a Jezebel spirit. How might that affect your relationship with them? Would you trust them to the same degree? Or distance them and treat them with distrust? It is possible for a good person to be ostracised for no good reason other than being a strong, smart woman who wants to help her local church.

Let’s not do that. Let’s not damage people and label them unfairly.

But believe it or not, that isn’t the most harmful part of the list.

I have read articles saying that a Jezebel spirit:

  1. Will operate in a person with charisma, intelligence, or wit
  2. Will have problems with fear and rejection, and need control because of it

We need to stop and take heed here. I understand that people who have a history of trauma may have a fear of being out of control. So let’s not re-traumatise them by socially rejecting them through labelling and restriction of duties inside churches. Let’s love them. Love is what heals rejection. Just because they need some element of control in order to cope with trauma doesn’t mean they are a Jezebel. That is harmful. That is doing more harm where God intended the church to be a place where people could heal.

Let’s also scrutinise our tendency to use this label. Why is it needed? Is it used by insecure leadership to stop talented, smart people from having input into church life, or from reaching their potential? Or is it used as some supposedly Biblically-sanctioned misogyny? Is it used to re-traumatise or control women and victims of trauma? Is it used to distract from one’s own bad behaviour or lack of skill?

Hey people – labels kill. They kill self-esteem. They kill social connectedness. They may even drive people into sad states of mental illness.

I understand that there are those who will read/watch this and say “but the Jezebel spirit is a real thing.” And yes, it is. I have no arguments against that. It is seen in the Bible, rates a mention in both Old and New Testaments, and represents a worthy caution. But it is a cluster of characteristics that we need to watch for. We can’t just spot one thing and then throw the baby out with the bathwater.

There are two points I want to raise on this: The first is that the tale of Jezebel was not to teach us that strong women are bad women. It was to teach us what happens when we passively tolerate evil. Many a Christian writer has aptly point out that Ahab was the problem. If he had of stood in his place, she wouldn’t have gone down in history like she did.

The second point is this: the antedote to Jezebel is when we stand for what is right – when we do what Ahab didn’t. Yes, we might cop it a bit. But that’s okay. If our God is for us, who can be against us? I’ve seen Jezebel conflated with rejection and trauma. This is dangerous, because these people are traumatised, not demonised. Let’s meet them with love not isolation.

For all you women out there who have been called a Jezebel – I’ve got a message for you: Be strong. Be smart. Be talented. Be generous. Be you. And if you have a fear of rejection, or if you need to be in control – then find a good therapist and heal. Not because you are a problem, but because you deserve a healthy, happy life. Some of you got branded this when you shouldn’t have. I hope you find your voice and your self-worth again. I think God would want you to as well


5 Comments Add yours

  1. vanmartinza says:

    “Up first, are the things we can see in scripture. The Jezebel Spirit is said to be: …”.

    It’s telling that a lot of the characteristics you mention are things I’ve noticed more often in some of the spiritual leaders I’ve encountered than in their congregants.

    This is my hot take on the matter: Christianity is experiencing a MAJOR crisis in leadership. This crisis is exacerbated by the fact that this same leadership usually gets to define what evil is. It’s not surprising that evil is passively tolerated and that people who stand up to this are the ones that end up being unfairly labeled in the process. Jezebel is alive and well and hiding in plain sight.

    /Rant over

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Kit K says:

      This is so true – both the characteristic list and the leadership crisis. Well said!


  2. Vesta Dee Sauter says:

    I am a woman.
    I am a strong woman.
    I love God with all my heart.

    Strong women who demonstrated a lasting zeal and dedication to serve, to be decisive, to plan and execute, to manage and supervise have often been mischaracterized. This can result in such severe and unjust treatment.

    I was born in . I was raised by parents who were Deaf. After observing the closed doors and obstacles my parents faced in their desire to serve in the ministry, I felt strongly compelled and called at the age of 13 to stand in the gap, be a bridge or a door through which Deaf men and women could use their gifts to serve. I surrendered my life to be a missionary in 1983, age of 29.

    I started a mission organization in 1983 and stayed as its Executive Director through 1996. I enlisted and equipped Deaf men and women to train and serve as missionaries among their people.

    In 1994, at the age of 40, I married an incredible Godly man and we went on to co-lead a global strategic initiative to reach the unreached Deaf peoples for the International Mission Board, SBC. We, over the years, have sought to encourage hundreds of Deaf men and women as volunteers, church planters, and missionaries.

    In 2020, at the age of 66, I founded Deaf Pathway Global, a Bible Translation Entity, through which Deaf men and women are working to translate a minimum of 300 Bible stories for the hundreds of Sign Languages that are Bible-less.

    Throughout my life there are those who have spoken against me or acted out against me, naming some of the characteristics you mentioned in your article. In my twenties, I was so broken over such characterization but had such great mentors who took me through His Word and I grew. In every decade of my service, when faced with such characterization I asked the Lord to show me that which was within me that needed to be made straight.

    More recently, a former colleague, from five years past who was deeply hurt by a decision made, is being fueled by one of these books referencing “the Jezebel Spirit” . I am being compared to Jezebel.

    Today, disheartened, I began to scroll through articles and such and came upon yours. It was encouraging. Thank you. Your kindness, your wisdom, your admonition is needed. I think great caution needs to be taken.

    I have long been in the ministry and have moved through each decade thankful for opportunity to grow and mature. I am thankful for the Word and for those who mentored me. For both men and women who spoke to me the same message you closed with:

    •Be strong.
    •Be smart.
    •Be talented.
    •Be generous.
    •Be you.

    … and grow.

    We who are in Christ are daily being renewed therefore do not lose heart.


  3. Kit K says:

    Hi Vesta, You seem like an amazing person who has lived a life of incredible service to your faith. This should be a badge of honour. I hope you found some comfort in this article. I’m sending you all the love. Be your best self, no matter what anyone else says. xo Kit


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